~ HORNED GREBES in ALASKA ~


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General Information


The Horned Grebe is among the smaller members of the Grebe family. At only 10 to 15 inches in length, it is much smaller than its cousin, the Red-Necked Grebe which is also found in Alaska.

Grebes are migratory water birds who leave their wintering grounds in the Southern United States to breed in Canada and Alaska during the summer. Horned Grebes are also found in Europe and Asia.


Horned Grebe in Alaska
Horned Grebe with Chicks





  Common Names:
  Scientific Name:
  Horned Grebe, Slavonian Grebe
  Podiceps auritus
  Class:
  Diet:
  Aves (Birds)
  Small fish, aquatic insects
  Range:
  Migratory:
  North America, Europe, Asia
  Yes
  Length:
  Wingspan:
  Weight:
  12 to 15 inches
  20 to 25 inches
  Approx. 1 pound


During the Winter, Horned Grebes have a dull black and white plumage, but during the breeding season, they display a more striking color scheme with a reddish chest and yellow feathery horns on the side of the head. Males and females have the same plumage, but males are slightly bigger.






Horned Grebe Feeding Chicks





Building Their Nest





In between their dance ritual, the Horned Grebes begin to gather building material for their nest, such as straws and roots.

Grebe Weed Dance



The Eggs Have Hatched!


Female Horned Grebes usually lay 2 to 5 eggs in June, and raise just one brood each year. For a period of 3 to 4 weeks, both parents take turns incubating the eggs.

Photo at right: A third egg has just hatched. Two more eggs can still be seen in the nest on the upper left part of the picture. This brood has a total of 5 eggs in the nest.

Soon after the eggs have hatched, the parents carefully dispose of the egg shells far away from the nest to keep predators away.

Grebe Eggs


Grebe with Egg Shell


Grebe Chicks in Nest

Photo at left: The two chicks in this picture are just a few days old. A third chick is out of sight. One unhatched egg is clearly visible, and another one (hidden) is to the left.

With this lovely brood of five, only two chicks will make it to the next phase, out of the nest and on the parents' back ...

Grebe and Chicks


Horned Grebe Chicks


Grebe Chicks Ride on Back
Feeding Grebe Chicks

Being excellent swimmers, Horned Grebes dive underwater to catch small fish, crustaceans and water bugs.

The chicks, with black and white stripes, hitch a ride on one of the parents' back, and patiently wait for the other parent to bring food to the table.



Feeding Baby Grebes
Grebe Family

Alaska Grebes




Reflections


A Horned Grebe resting and enjoying a peaceful moment in the marsh late in the evening. The glassy surface of the water gives off a nice reflection.

Sleeping Grebe
Picture of Horned Grebe
Grebe Reflection


Horned Grebe Reflection


Horned Grebe Photo



Big Splash


Grebe Splashing



Never a dull moment watching the Grebes. This Horned Grebe makes quite an impression by fiercely splashing the water with its wings.


Grebe Splashing
Grebe Splashing

Grebe Splashing Water



Hungry for attention, the Grebe now shows off its best profile.

Grebe Splashing in the Water

Grebe Water Splash



Horned Grebe Dance Ritual



To initiate the dance ritual, the Horned Grebes start to call each other. After they come into position, face to face, their head feathers begin to flare out to the side. As they quickly paddle their feet in the water, the Horned Grebes thrust their chest against each other while bobbing their head up and down.



Grebe Dance





This part of the dance ritual usually only lasts less than a minute. Immediately afterwards, the Horned Grebe couple performs a "weed dance" where they dive into the water in unison and bring back weed in their beak to build their nest.






Horned Grebes in Action


Right: Horned Grebes running on the surface of the water before taking off.

Bottom: Stretching their wings and fluffing their feathers.

Grebe Taking Off

Grebe Take Off


Grebe in Action
Grebe Arranging Feathers
Horned Grebe Open Wings



Attending to their Feathers

Grebe Preening Feathers


Grebe Preening

Horned Grebes are water birds, often diving under water to gather food, and therefore, they must take good care of their plumage. They are seen preening their feathers in these pictures.

Grebe Preening



Horned Grebes

Pictures of Horned Grebes taken during the Summer months.

Right: Grebe photographed in an unusual position makes it look meaner than it really is.

Evil Grebe


Grebe Portrait

Grebe

Grebe
Grebe
Grebe



Ballet Dancer


This Horned Grebe fluffs its wings like a water ballet dancer. The reflection on the surface of the water makes for a beautiful pastel backdrop. The underside of the wings is white.

Grebe Open Wings
Grebe Open Wings


Horned Grebe Open Wings


Horned Grebe Opens Wings
Grebe Ballet Dancer


Horned Grebe Ballet Dancer


Horned Grebe



Shaking Sequence

Once in a while, Horned Grebes suddenly shake their whole body. It is believed this is to rearrange their feathers. This behaviour also occurs when other Grebes pass nearby.

Horned Grebe Shaking

Horned Grebe Shaking
Grebe Shaking

Horned Grebe Shaking


Horned Grebe Body Shake



Evening Light


Grebe


Grebe Couple

Horned Grebes photographed in the evening light.

Grebe
Horned Grebe


Horned Grebe


Horned Grebe




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